How to Write an Abstract (with Examples) - wikiHow

 

abstract examples for research paper

Sample Journalism Abstract. International Headlines Exploring Youth-Centered Innovation in Global News Delivery Traditional news media must innovate to maintain their ability to inform contemporary audiences. This research project analyzes innovative news outlets that have the potential to draw young audiences to follow global current events. Mar 20,  · An abstract summarizes, usually in one paragraph of words or less, the major aspects of the entire paper in a prescribed sequence that includes: 1) the overall purpose of the study and the research problem(s) you investigated; 2) the basic design of the study; 3) major findings or trends found as a result of your analysis; and, 4) a brief summary of your interpretations and conclusions. An APA Research Paper Model Thomas Delancy and Adam Solberg wrote the following research paper for a psychology class. As you review their paper, read the side notes and examine the following: The use and documentation of their numerous sources. The background they provide before getting into their own study results.


Abstract Samples - Undergraduate Research


An abstract summarizes, usually in one paragraph of words or less, the major aspects of the entire paper in a prescribed sequence that includes: 1 the overall purpose of the study and the research problem s you investigated; 2 the basic design of the study; 3 major findings or trends found as a result of your analysis; and, 4 a abstract examples for research paper summary of your interpretations and conclusions.

Writing an Abstract. The Writing Center. Clarion University, Sometimes your professor will ask you to include abstract examples for research paper abstract, or general summary of your work, with your research paper. The abstract allows you to elaborate upon each major aspect of the paper and helps readers decide whether they want to read the rest of the paper.

Therefore, enough key information [e. How do you know when you have enough information in your abstract? A simple rule-of-thumb is to imagine that you are another researcher doing a similar study.

Then ask yourself: if your abstract was the only part of the paper you could access, would you be happy with the amount of information presented there?

Does it tell the whole story about your study? If the answer is "no" then the abstract likely needs to be revised. How to Write a Research Abstract. Office of Undergraduate Research. University of Kentucky; Staiger, David L. Abstracts and the Writing of Abstracts. Types of Abstracts. To begin, you need to determine which type of abstract you should include with your paper.

There are four general types. The researcher evaluates the paper and often compares it with other works on the same subject. Critical abstracts are generally words in length due to the additional interpretive commentary. These types of abstracts are used infrequently. Descriptive Abstract A abstract examples for research paper abstract indicates the type of information found in the work.

It makes no judgments about the work, nor does it provide results or conclusions of the research. It does incorporate key words found in the text and may include the purpose, methods, and scope of the research. Essentially, the descriptive abstract only describes the work being summarized.

Some researchers consider it an outline of the work, rather than a summary. Descriptive abstracts are usually very short, words or less. Informative Abstract The majority of abstracts are informative. While they still do not critique or evaluate a work, abstract examples for research paper, they do more than describe it. A good informative abstract acts as a surrogate for the work itself. That is, the researcher presents and explains all the main arguments and the important results and evidence in the paper.

An informative abstract includes the information that can be found in a descriptive abstract [purpose, methods, scope] but it also includes the results and conclusions of the research and the recommendations of the author.

The length varies according to discipline, but an informative abstract is usually no more than words in length. In that a highlight abstract cannot stand independent of its associated article, it is not a true abstract and, therefore, rarely used in abstract examples for research paper writing.

Writing Style. Use the active voice when possiblebut note that much of your abstract may require passive sentence constructions. Regardless, abstract examples for research paper, write your abstract using concise, but complete, sentences.

Get to the point quickly and always use the past tense because you are reporting on a study that has been completed. Abstracts should be formatted as a single paragraph in a block format and with no paragraph indentations. In most cases, the abstract page immediately follows the title page. Do not number the page. Rules set forth in writing manual vary but, in general, you should center the word "Abstract" at the top of the page with double spacing between the heading and the abstract.

Composing Your Abstract. Although it is the first section of your paper, the abstract should be written last since it will summarize the contents of your entire paper. A good strategy abstract examples for research paper begin composing your abstract is to take whole sentences or key phrases from each section of the paper and put them in a sequence that summarizes the contents.

Then revise or add connecting phrases or words to make the narrative flow clearly and smoothly. Note that statistical findings should be reported parenthetically [i. Before handing in your final paper, check to make sure that the information in the abstract completely agrees with what you have written in the paper.

Think of the abstract as a sequential set of complete sentences describing the most crucial information using the fewest necessary words.

Writing Center. University of Kansas; Abstract. Department of Biology. Bates College; Abstracts. The Abstract. University College Writing Centre. Purdue University; Writing Abstracts.

Indiana University; Koltay, Tibor. Oxford, UK: Never Cite Just the Abstract! Citing to just a journal article's abstract does not confirm for the reader that you have conducted a thorough or reliable review of the literature. If the full-text is not available, go to the USC Libraries main page and enter the title of the article [NOT the title of the journal]. If the Libraries have a subscription to the journal, the article should appear with a link to the full-text or to the journal publisher page where you can get the article.

If you still can't find the article after doing this, contact a librarian or you can request it from our free i nterlibrary loan and document delivery service. Contact us. The Abstract Search this Guide Search. The Abstract This guide provides advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social and behavioral sciences. The Conclusion Toggle Dropdown Appendices Definition An abstract summarizes, usually in one paragraph of words or less, the major aspects of the entire paper in a prescribed sequence that includes: 1 the overall purpose of the study and the research problem s you investigated; 2 the basic design of the study; 3 major findings or trends found as a result of your analysis; and, 4 a brief summary of your interpretations and conclusions.

Importance of a Good Abstract Sometimes your professor will ask you to include an abstract, or general summary of your work, with your research paper.

Structure and Writing Style I. Types of Abstracts To begin, you need to determine which type of abstract you should include with your paper. Writing Style Use the active voice when possiblebut note that much of your abstract may require passive sentence constructions. Formatting Abstracts should be formatted as a single paragraph in a block format and with no paragraph indentations. Composing Your Abstract examples for research paper Although it is the first section of your paper, the abstract should be written last since it will summarize the contents of your entire paper.

The abstract SHOULD NOT contain: Lengthy background or contextual information, Redundant phrases, unnecessary adverbs and adjectives, and repetitive information; Acronyms or abbreviations, abstract examples for research paper, References to other literature [say something like, abstract examples for research paper, "current research shows that

 

How to Write an Abstract in APA: 14 Steps (with Pictures)

 

abstract examples for research paper

 

Sample Journalism Abstract. International Headlines Exploring Youth-Centered Innovation in Global News Delivery Traditional news media must innovate to maintain their ability to inform contemporary audiences. This research project analyzes innovative news outlets that have the potential to draw young audiences to follow global current events. Abstract Samples. Click on the links below to view examples of abstracts written by MSU students from different fields of study. Sample Abstract - Communication Arts and Sciences. This paper provides detailed suggestions, with examples, for writing the background, methods, results, and conclusions sections of a good abstract. The primary target of this paper is the young researcher; however, authors with all levels of experience may find useful ideas in the paper.